View options
Result details

Results per page
Articles per page View Sort by

5 results matched your search query
Keywords = Energy

  • Open Access Review Article
    Export citation: APA   BibTeX   RIS  
    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2015, 2(1), 1-6. http://doi.org/10.31586/MechanicalEngineering.0201.01
    132 Views 123 Downloads 9 Citations PDF Full-text (929.326 KB) PDF Full-text (929.326 KB)  HTML Full-text
    Abstract
    The use of finite element models as research tools in biomechanics and orthopedics grew exponentially over the last two decades. However, the attention to mesh quality, model validation and appropriate energy balance methods and the reporting of these metrics has not kept pace with the general use of finite element
    [...] Read more.
    The use of finite element models as research tools in biomechanics and orthopedics grew exponentially over the last two decades. However, the attention to mesh quality, model validation and appropriate energy balance methods and the reporting of these metrics has not kept pace with the general use of finite element modeling. Therefore, the purpose of this review was to develop the nonlinear filter and thermal buckling of an FGM panel under the combined effect of elevated temperature conditions and aerodynamic loading is investigated using a finite element model based on the thin plate theory and von Karman strain-displacement relations to account for moderately large deflection. It is found that the temperature increase has an adverse effect on the FGM panel flutter characteristics through decreasing the critical dynamic pressure. Decreasing the volume fraction enhances flutter characteristics, but this is limited by the structural integrity aspect. Structural finite element analysis has been employed to determine the FGM panel's adaptive response while under the influence of a uniaxial compressive load in excess of its critical buckling value. By increasing the applications of using composite materials inside aviation stages, it is visualized that the versatile FGM plate setup will broaden the operational execution over traditional materials and structures, especially when the structure is presented to a raised temperature. The vicinity of air motion facilitating stream brings about delaying the locking temperature and in stifling under loads, while the temperature build gives route for higher thermal-cycle abundance.  Full article
    Figures

    Figure 5 of 7

    References
    [1]
    Ibrahim, H. H., Yoo, H. H., & Lee, K. S. (2009). Supersonic flutter of functionally grated panels subject to acoustic and thermal loads. Journal of Aircraft, 46 (2), 593-600.
    [2]
    Ibrahim, H. H., Yoo, H. H., & Lee, K. S. (2009). Aero-thermo- mechanical characteristics of imperfect shape memory alloy hybrid composite panels. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 325 (3), 583-596.
    [3]
    Ibrahim, H. H., Yoo, H. H., Tawfik, M., & Lee, K. S. (2010). Thermo-acoustic random response of temperature-dependent functionally graded material panels. Computational Mechanics, 46(3), 377-386.
    [4]
    Ibrahim, H. H., & Tawfik, M. (2010). Limit-cycle oscillations of functionally graded material plates subject to aerodynamic and thermal loads. Journal of Vibration and Control, 16(14), 2147-2166.
    [5]
    Yu, J. S., & Jung, Y. C. (2013). Paper: Micromechanics Modeling of Functionally Graded Materials Containing Multiple Heterogeneities. ????????? (????), 26(6), 392-397.
    [6]
    Yaghmaei, M., & Naei, M. H. (2008). Large deflection behavior of simply supported FG Circular plates under mechanical and thermal loadings via FSDT meshless method. Proceedings of the 3rd IASME/WSEAS International concerence on continuum mechanics. Chicago
    [7]
    Allah, M.A.A.A., Ward, S.A.E.S. & Youssef, A.A. (2013). Effect of Functionally Graded Material of Disc Spacer with Presence of Multi-Contaminating Particles on Electric Field inside Gas Insulated Bus Duct. International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE), 3(6), p. 831-848.
    [8]
    Yaghoobi, H., & Torabi, M. (2013). Exact solution for thermal buckling of functionally graded plates resting on elastic foundations with various boundary conditions. Journal of Thermal Stresses, 36(9), 869-894.
    [9]
    Tingjun, Y. & Linna, Z. (2013). Finite Element Model of Shape Memory Alloy Incorporating Drucker-Prager Model. TELKOMNIKA Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering, 11(7), 3915-3 921.
    [10]
    Asemi, K., Salehi, M., & Akhlaghi, M. (2014). Post-buckling analysis of FGM annular sector plates based on three dimensional elasticity graded finite elements. International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics, 67, 164-177.
    [11]
    Belinha, J., & Dinis, L. M. J. S. (2006). Analysis of plates and laminates using the element-free Galerkin method. Computers & structures, 84(22), 1547-1559.
    [12]
    Randjbaran, E., Zahari, R., Majid, D. L., Jalil, N. A. A., Vaghei, R., & Ahmadi, R. (2013) An Experimental Investigation of the Effects of Stacking Sequence on Hybrid Composite Materials Response to Open-Hole Compression Strength. MATRIX Academic International Online Journal of Engineering and Technology, 1(2), 1-6.
    [13]
    Randjbaran, E., Zahari, R., Majid, D. L., Jalil, N. A. A., Vaghei, R., & Ahmadi, R. (2013) The Effects of Stacking Sequence Layers of Hybrid Composite Materials in Energy Absorption under the High Velocity Ballistic Impact Conditions: An Experimental Investigation. MATRIX Academic International Online Journal of Engineering and Technology, 1(2), 30-37.
    [14]
    Karamizadeh, Sasan, Shahidan M. Abdullah, Mehran Halimi, Jafar Shayan, and Mohammad javad Rajabi. "Advantage and Drawback of Support Vector Machine Functionality."
    [15]
    Randjbaran, E., Zahari, R., Majid, D. L., Jalil, N. A. A., & Vaghei, R. (2013) Effects of Stacking Sequence on Compression Response Testing of Carbon Fibre and Hybrids: Fibrous-Glass/Carbon/Kevlar/ Epoxy Composite Plates. MATRIX Academic International Online Journal of Engineering and Technology, 2(1), 13-17.
    [16]
    Randjbaran, E., Zahari, R., Majid, D. L., Jalil, N. A., Vaghei, R., & Ahmadi, R. (2013). The effects of stacking sequence layers of six layers composite materials in ballistic energy absorption. International Journal of Material Science Innovations, 1(6), 293-305.
    [17]
    Randjbaran, E., Zahari, R., Majid, D. L., Jalil, N. A. A., Vaghei, R., & Ahmadi, R. (2014). Experimental Study of the Influence of Stacking Order of the Fibrous Layers on Laminated Hybrid Composite Plates Subjected to Compression Loading. Journal of Science and Engineering, 4(1), 01-08.
    [18]
    Randjbaran, E., Zahari, R., Abdul Jalil, N. A., & Abang Abdul Majid, D. L. (2014). Hybrid Composite Laminates Reinforced with Kevlar/Carbon/Glass Woven Fabrics for Ballistic Impact Testing. The Scientific World Journal, doi:10.1155/2014/413753.
    [19]
    Duc, N. D., & Cong, P. H. (2013). Nonlinear postbuckling of symmetric S-FGM plates resting on elastic foundations using higher order shear deformation plate theory in thermal environments. Composite Structures, 100, 566-574.
    [20]
    Shen, H. S. (2013). Thermal postbuckling of shear deformable FGM cylindrical shells surrounded by an elastic medium. Journal of Engineering Mechanics, 139(8), 979-991.
    [21]
    Kiani, Y., & Eslami, M. R. (2014). Thermal Post-buckling of Imperfect Circular FGM Plates: Examination of Voigt, Mori- Tanaka and Self-Consistent Schemes. Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology.
    [22]
    Shen, H.-S., & Wang, Z.-X. (2010). Nonlinear bending of FGM plates subjected to combined loading and resting on elastic foundations. Composite Structures, 92(10), 2517-2524.
    [23]
    Yaghoobi, H., & Torabi, M. (2013). Post-buckling and nonlinear free vibration analysis of geometrically imperfect functionally graded beams resting on nonlinear elastic foundation. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 37(18), 8324-8340.
    [24]
    Karamizadeh, S., Abdullah, S. M., Zamani, M., & Kherikhah, A. (2015). Pattern Recognition Techniques: Studies on Appropriate Classifications. In Advanced Computer and Communication Engineering Technology (pp. 791-799). Springer International Publishing.
    [25]
    Yaghoobi, H., & Torabi, M. (2013). An analytical approach to large amplitude vibration and post-buckling of functionally graded beams rest on non-linear elastic foundation. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 51(1), 39-52.
    [26]
    Torabi, M., & Yaghoobi, H. (2013). Accurate solution for acceleration motion of a vertically falling spherical particle in incompressible Newtonian media. The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 91(2), 376-381.
    [27]
    Torabi, M., Yaghoobi, H., & Boubaker, K. (2013). Accurate solution for motion of a spherical solid particle in plane Couette Newtonian fluid mechanical flow using HPM?Pad? approximant and the Boubaker polynomials expansion scheme BPES. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 58(1), 224-228.
    [28]
    Torabi, M., Yaghoobi, H., Colantoni, A., Biondi, P., & Boubaker, K. (2013). Analysis of Radiative Radial Fin with Temperature-Dependent Thermal Conductivity Using Nonlinear Differential Transformation Methods. Chinese Journal of Engineering, 2013.
    [29]
    Torabi, M., & Yaghoobi, H. (2013). Heat Transfer Analysis from Rotating Porous Plate with Temperature-Dependent Thermal Conductivity. ISI BILIMI VE TEKNIGI DERGISI- JOURNAL OF THERMAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 33(2), 75-82.
    [30]
    Karamizadeh, Sasan, Shahidan M. Abdullah, and Mazdak Zamani. "An Overview of Holistic Face Recognition." IJRCCT 2, no. 9 (2013): 738-741.
    [31]
    Yaghoobi, H., & Fereidoon, A. (2014). Mechanical and thermal buckling analysis of functionally graded plates resting on elastic foundations: An assessment of a simple refined nth- order shear deformation theory. Composites Part B: Engineering, 62, 54-64.
    [32]
    Torabi, M., & Yaghoobi, H. (2013). Series Solution for Convective-Radiative Porous Fin Using Differential Transformation Method. Journal of Porous Media, 16(4).
    [33]
    Torabi, M., Yaghoobi, H., & Kiani, M. R. (2013). Thermal analysis of the convective-radiative fin with a step change in thickness and temperature dependent thermal conductivity. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 51(3), 593-602.
    [34]
    Vaghei, R., Hejazi, F., Taheri, H., Jaafar, M. S., & Ali, A. A. A. (2014), Evaluate Performance of Precast Concrete Wall to Wall Connection. APCBEE Procedia, 9, 285-290.
    [35]
    Karamizadeh, S., Abdullah, S. M., Manaf, A. A., Zamani, M., & Hooman, A. (2013). An Overview of Principal Component Analysis. Journal of Signal and Information Processing, 4, 173.
    [36]
    Randjbaran, E., Zahari, R., & Vaghei, R. (2014). Computing Simulation of Post-buckling in Functionally Graded Materials-A Review. TELKOMNIKA Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering, 12(12).
    [37]
    Mukhomorov, V. K. (2014). Bioactivity - Structure. Interrelation of Electronic andInformation Factors of Biologically Activity of Chemical Compounds. Trends Journal of Sciences Research, 1(1), 38-48.
    [38]
    Zahari, R., Azmee, A. H., Mustapha, F., Salit, M. S., Varatharajoo, R., & Shakrine, A. (2008). Prediction of progressive failure in woven glass/epoxy composite laminated panels. Jurnal mekanikal, 25, 80-91.
    [39]
    Rasid, Z. A., Zahari, R., & Ayob, A. (2014). The Instability Improvement of the Symmetric Angle-Ply and Cross-Ply Composite Plates with Shape Memory Alloy Using Finite Element Method. Advances in Mechanical Engineering, 2014.
    [40]
    Sultan, M. T. H., Basri, S., Rafie, A. S. M., Yidris, N., Mustapha, F., Zahari, R., & Ajir, M. R. (2014, July). Impact Damage Analysis for Glass Reinforced Epoxy Laminated Plates Using Single Stage Gas Gun. In Applied Mechanics and Materials (Vol. 564, pp. 382-387).
    [41]
    Hassab, M. P., Mahmud, A. S., Rafie, A. M., & Zahari, R. (2014, July). Alternative Numerical Validation Methodology for Short-Term Development Projects. In Applied Mechanics and Materials (Vol. 564, pp. 638-643).
    [42]
    Rasid, Z. A. (2015, January). The Natural Frequency of the Shape Memory Alloy Anti-Symmetric Angle-Ply Composite Plates Using Finite Element Method. In Applied Mechanics and Materials (Vol. 695, pp. 52-55).
    [43]
    Haery, H. A., Kim, H. S., Zahari, R., & Amini, E. (2013).Tensile strength of notched carbon/glass/epoxy hybrid composite laminates before and after fatigue loading. Journal of Industrial Textiles, 1528083713487757.
    [44]
    Mukhomorov, V. K., & Anikina, L. M. (2014). Evolutionary Dynamics of Intercoupling of the Chemical Elements in Plants and Primary Soil-Forming Processes. Trends Journal of Sciences Research, 1(1), 1-11.
    [45]
    Randjbaran, E., Zahari, R., & Vaghei, R. (2014) Scanning Electron Microscopy Interpretation In Carbon Nanotubes Composite Materials After Postbuckling - Review Paper. MATRIX Academic International Online Journal of Engineering and Technology, 2(2), 1-6.
    [46]
    Rasid, Z. A. (2015). The Natural Frequency of the Shape Memory Alloy Anti-Symmetric Angle-Ply Composite Plates Using Finite Element Method. In Applied Mechanics and Materials (Vol. 695, pp. 52-55).
    [47]
    Nazari, A., Maghsoudpour, A., & Sanjayan, J. G. (2015). Flexuralstrengthofplainandfibre-reinforced boroaluminosilicate geopolymer. Construction and Building Materials, 76, 207-213.
    [48]
    Nazari, A., & Sanjayan, J. G. (2015). Compressive strength of functionally graded geopolymers: Role of position of layers. Construction and Building Materials, 75, 31-34.
    [49]
    Nazari, A., & Sanjayan, J. G. (2015). Hybrid effects of alumina and silica nanoparticles on water absorption of geopolymers: Application of Taguchi approach. Measurement, 60, 240-246.
    [50]
    Nazari, A., Maghsoudpour, A., & Sanjayan, J. G. (2015). Flexuralstrengthofplainandfibre-reinforced boroaluminosilicate geopolymer. Construction and Building Materials, 76, 207-213.
    [51]
    Nazari, A., & Sanjayan, J. G. (2014). Modeling of Compressive Strength of Geopolymers by a Hybrid ANFIS-ICA Approach. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering.
    [52]
    Nazari, A., & Sanjayan, J. G. (2014). Modelling of fracture strength of functionally graded geopolymer. Construction and Building Materials, 58, 38-45.
    [53]
    Nazari, A., & Sanjayan, J. G. (2014). Developing of non-linear weight functions for mix design optimization of cementitious systems. Measurement, 57, 154-166.
  • Open Access Research Article
    Export citation: APA   BibTeX   RIS  
    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2015, 2(2), 56-63. http://doi.org/10.31586/Physicochemical.0202.02
    42 Views 130 Downloads 2 Citations PDF Full-text (1.196 MB) PDF Full-text (1.196 MB)  HTML Full-text
    Abstract
    The PbTe films were deposited onto glass substrate (microscopic slices) by a chemical bath method (CBD) at room temperature. The deposited films are dense, smooth, and uniform with silver gray metallic luster structure. Using XRD, it found that the structure of PbTe possesses stable face centered cubic (fcc) phase. The
    [...] Read more.
    The PbTe films were deposited onto glass substrate (microscopic slices) by a chemical bath method (CBD) at room temperature. The deposited films are dense, smooth, and uniform with silver gray metallic luster structure. Using XRD, it found that the structure of PbTe possesses stable face centered cubic (fcc) phase. The grain size of the PbTe bulk increased within the range of 33? 57 nm with annealing temperature increasing. AFM micrographs of surface of the prepared film are observed that horizontal distance in the rang (230? 395) nm. The band gaps of the PbTe are determined from UV-Vis spectrophotometer and are found to be within the range ( 0.39 - 0.95) eV. Energy band gab of PbTe which determined from FT -IR spectrophotometer is (0.36ev). The activation energy varied from 0.35- 1.72 eV for films and from 0.11-0.34 eV for bulk with annealing temperature variations from 373-573K. Films and bulk exhibit p-type conduction and resistivity in the range (75?10-4 ?. cm - 146?10-4 ?.cm). The carriers density and Hall mobility in PbTe bulk were in the rang 5.8 ?1023 m-3 and 4.004 m2/Vs.  Full article
    Figures

    Figure 3 of 9

    References
    [1]
    X Yang, Z Yan, L Jiang, X Wang, K Zheng. 2003 - . Mater Lett. 57, 2755-2760.
    [2]
    Q Zhang, F Huang, Y Li. 2005 - Cadmium sulfide Nano rods formed in microemulsions. Coll. Surf. 497, 257 ? 258.
    [3]
    S Kumar, Z.H Khan, M.A Majeed Khan, M Husain. 2005 - Studies on thin films of Leads Chalcogenide. Current Applied Physics. 5,561.
    [4]
    Chao, I. N; McCann, P. J; Yuan,W. L; O'Rear E, A; Yuan, S. 1998 - Structural, Electrical, and Optical Properties of PbTe Thin Films Prepared by Simple Flash Evaporation Method. Thin Solid Films. 323,126.
    [5]
    Pop, I; ; ; ; 1997 - Structural and optical properties of PbS thin films obtained by chemical deposition. Thin Solid Films. 307, 240.
    [6]
    Harman, T.C; Taylor, P. J; Walsh, M. P; LaForge, B.E. 2002 - Quantum Dot Superlattice Thermoelectric Materials and Devices. Science. 297, 2229.
    [7]
    Hicks, L.D;Harman, T.C; Sun, X; Dresselhaus, M.S. 1996 - Low Dimensional Thermoelectric Materials. Phys.104,93.
    [8]
    Sahay, S. S; Guruswamy, S; Mater, J. 1998 ? Expitaxial growth of PbTe film on Si substiate. Sci. Lett. 17,1145.
    [9]
    Komissarova, T; Khokhlov, D; Ryabova, L; Dashevsky, Z; Kasiyan, V. 2007-Impedance of photosensitive nanocrystalline PbTe(In) films.. Phys. Rev. B,. 75,1-5.
    [10]
    Ito, M; Seo, W. S; Koumoto, K; Mater, J. 1999 - Thermoelectric properties of PbTe thin films prepared by gas evaporation method. J. Mater. Res. 14, 209.
    [11]
    Jdanov, A; Pelleg, J; Dashevsky, Z; Shneck, R. 2004 ?Growth and characterization of PbTe films by magnetron sputtering. Mater. Sci. Eng. B.106, 89.
    [12]
    Zogg, H; Alchalabi, K; Zimin, D. 2001 - Electrodeposition of PbTe thin films from acidic nitrate baths.DefenceSci.J.51,53.
    [13]
    Jacquot, A; Lenoir, B; Boffoue, M.O; Dauscher, A.1999-Facile synthesis of thermoelectric films via spin-coating metastable precursors. Appl.Phys.AMater.Sci. Process. 69, 613.
    [14]
    Sharov, M. K; Ugai, Y.A. Surf, J.2008 - Facile synthesis of PbTe nanoparticles and thin films in alkaline aqueous solution at room temperature. Invest.2,481.
    [15]
    Chen, H.Y; Dong, S.S; Yang, Y.K; M.Li, D; Zhang, J.H;Wang, X. J; Kan, S. H; Zou, G.T. 2004 - The effect of high pressure on the emissions of Eu3 + in cubic Y2O3 and Gd2O3 hosts J.Cryst.Growth.273,156.
    [16]
    Saloniemi, H; Kanniainen, T; Ritala, M; Leskela, M. 1998-Electrodeposition of PbTe Thin Films. Thin Solid Films. 326,78.
    [17]
    Ezema, F.I; Osuji, R.U. 2006 ? perpation and optical characterization of chermical bath deposited. Journal Applied Sciences. 6,1827.
    [18]
    Pentia, E., L. Pintilie, T. Matei, E. Botila, and E. Ozbay. 2001 - Chemically prepared nanocrystalline PbS thin film. Journal of Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials. 3, 525.
    [19]
    Parra, R.S., P.J. George, G.G. Sanchez, G. Jimennez, L. Banos, and P.K. Nair. 2000 - Analysis of Thin Chalcogenide PbS Films Prepared from Chemical Bath. Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids. 61,659.
    [20]
    Garcia, V.M; Nair; M.T.S; Nair, P.K. 1991 - Optical properties of PbS-CuxS and Bi2S3?CuxS thin films with reference to solar control and solar absorber applications. Sol Energy Mater.23, 47?59.
    [21]
    Stancu,V; Buda,M. Pintilie L. Pintilie I, Botila T and G. Iordache. 2008-Chemically prepared nanocrystalline PbS thin films.thin solid films.516, 4301- 4306.
    [22]
    Ubale, A. U; Junghare, A.R; Wadibahasmi, N.A; Daryapurkar, A. S; Manker, R.B; Sangawar, V.S.. 2007- Some electrical properties of thin PbS films. "Turk Journal of Physics. 31, 279-286.
    [23]
    Pankove, J.I. 1971 - Optical Processes in Semiconductors, Prentice-Hall Inc, Englewood Cliffs, NJ,
    [24]
    Neha, B; Rajiv,V. Patel,S.G; and. Jani, A.R. 2004 ? X-ray diffraction studies of NbTe2 single crystal. Bulletin of Material Science. 27,23.
    [25]
    Obida, M.Z; Afify, H.H; Abou-Helal, M.O, Zaid,H.A.H. 2005 - . Egypt Journal of Solids. 28,1.
  • Open Access Research Article
    Export citation: APA   BibTeX   RIS  
    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2015, 2(2), 76-83. http://doi.org/10.31586/Education.0202.05
    28 Views 100 Downloads PDF Full-text (493.818 KB) PDF Full-text (493.818 KB)  HTML Full-text
    Abstract
    The study presented here aimed to grasp, interpret and understand the processes of construction of knowledge developed by the Specialization Course in Education Program (PPGE) at UFAM (Universidade Federal do Amazonas ? Amazonas Federal University). The dip in their doings, in the society and culture in which it is located,
    [...] Read more.
    The study presented here aimed to grasp, interpret and understand the processes of construction of knowledge developed by the Specialization Course in Education Program (PPGE) at UFAM (Universidade Federal do Amazonas ? Amazonas Federal University). The dip in their doings, in the society and culture in which it is located, has enabled us to grasp the immense plot and the network of meanings woven by the energy that emerges from the life of Amazonian subjects and their world which transcend, by far, the pure beams of logical relationships where humans are treated as clones, doomed to an eternal repetition. The analysis have articulated the researchers? perceptions, the theoretical conceptions and the data collected and revealed the richness and fertility of those cultures and the meaning of that Program, which has its support in local knowledge with insertion in the universal context.  Full article
    References
    [1]
    Brito, Rosa Mendon?a de (2002). Quinze anos passo a passo: trajet?ria do programa de p?s-gradua??o em educa??o da Universidade do Amazonas. Manaus: EDUA.
    [2]
    Geertz, Cliford (1997). O saber loca: novos ensaios em antropologia interpretativa. Vera Mello Joscelyne (trad.). Petr?polis/ RJ: Vozes,
    [3]
    Mafessoli, Michel (1998). Elogio da raz?o sens?vel. Albert Christophe Migues Stuckenbruck (trad.). Petr?polis/RJ: Vozes.
    [4]
    Husserl, Edmundo (2006). Id?ias para uma Fenomenologia Pura e para uma Filosofia Fenomenol?gica: introdu??o geral ? fenomenologia pura. M?rcio Suzuki (trad.). Aparecida/ SP: Id?ias & Letras.
    [5]
    Wagley, Charles (1998). Uma comunidade amaz?nica: estudo do homem nos tr?picos. S?o Paulo: Companhia Editora Nacional. 2.ed. 1988
  • Open Access Research Article
    Export citation: APA   BibTeX   RIS  
    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2018, 3(3), 124-132. http://doi.org/10.31586/Biochemistry.0303.04
    214 Views 264 Downloads PDF Full-text (921.556 KB) PDF Full-text (921.714 KB)  HTML Full-text
    Abstract
    The bone health is an important part of healthy-life and longevity in current situation due to huge toxins and contaminants in the environment and food chain. Considering the importance of bone health in the modern era, the present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of the Consciousness Energy
    [...] Read more.
    The bone health is an important part of healthy-life and longevity in current situation due to huge toxins and contaminants in the environment and food chain. Considering the importance of bone health in the modern era, the present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of the Consciousness Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect?) Treatment on Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium (DMEM) in which the human bone osteosarcoma cells - MG-63 (ATCC? CRL-1427?) was grown for the assessment of bone cell proliferation and differentiation in vitro. The study parameters were assessed using cell viability by MTT assay, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and collagen synthesis on bone health using ELISA-based assay. The cell viability was significantly increased by 24% in the Biofield Energy Treated group supplemented with 10% charcoal-dextran with fetal bovine serum (CD-FBS) (G3) compared to the untreated cells group (G1). The level of ALP was significantly increased by 72% in the G3 group compared to the G1 group. Additionally, the level of collagen synthesis was significantly (p?0.001) increased by 19% in the G3 group compared to the G1 group. The overall results demonstrated that the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM has the potential for bone mineralization and bone cells growth as evident via increased levels of collagen and ALP. Therefore, the Biofield Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect?) Treatment could be useful as a bone health promoter for various bone-related disorders like low bone density, osteogenesis imperfecta, and osteoporosis, etc.  Full article
    References
    [1]
    Yang Z, Xiong HR (2012) Culture conditions and types of growth media for mammalian cells. In L. Ceccherini-Nelli and B. Matteoli (ed.), Biomedical Tissue Culture (3-18). InTech. ISBN 978-953-51-0788-0. http://dx.doi. org/10.5772/3071
    [2]
    Beloti MM, Rosa AL (2005) Osteoblast differentiation of human bone marrow cells under continuous and discontinuous treatment with dexamethasone. Braz Dent J 16: 156-161.
    [3]
    Lajeunesse D, Kiebzak GM, Frondoza C, Sacktor B (1991) Regulation of osteocalcin secretion by human primary bone cells and by the human osteosarcoma cell line MG-63. Bone Miner 14: 237-250.
    [4]
    Robison R, Soames KH (1924) The possible significance of hexophosphoric esters in ossification Part II. The phosphoric esterase of ossifying cartilage. Biochem J 18: 740-754.
    [5]
    Gaur T, Lengner CJ, Hovhannisyan H, Bhat RA, Bodine PV, Komm BS, Javed A, van Wijnen AJ, Stein JL, Stein GS, Lian JB (2005) Canonical WNT signaling promotes osteogenesis by directly stimulating Runx2 gene expression. J Biol Chem 280: 33132-33140.
    [6]
    Gaur T, Rich L, Lengner CJ, Hussain S, Trevant B, Ayers D, Stein JL, Bodine PV, Komm BS, Stein GS, Lian JB (2006) Secreted frizzled related protein 1 regulates WNT signaling for BMP2 induced chondrocyte differentiation. J Cell Physiol 208: 87-96.
    [7]
    Canalis E, McCarthy TL, Centrella M (1989) Effects of platelet-derived growth factor on bone formation in vitro. J Cell Physiol 140: 530-537.
    [8]
    Canalis E (1987) Effects of tumor necrosis factor on bone formation in vitro. Endocrinology 121: 1596-1604.
    [9]
    Canalis E, Centrella M, McCarthy T (1988) Effects of basic fibroblast growth factor on bone formation in vitro. J Clin Invest 81: 1572-1577.
    [10]
    Wozney JM, Rosen V, Celeste AJ, Mitsock LM, Whitters MJ, Kriz R, Hewick R, Wang EA (1988) Novel regulators of bone formation: Molecular clones and activities. Science 242: 1528-1534.
    [11]
    Yount G, Patil S, Dave U, Alves-dos-Santos L, Gon K, Arauz R, Rachlin K (2013) Evaluation of biofield treatment dose and distance in a model of cancer cell death. J Altern Complement Med 19: 124-127.
    [12]
    Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Gangwar M, Jana S (2015) Morphological and molecular analysis using RAPD in biofield treated sponge and bitter gourd. American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 3: 264-270.
    [13]
    Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Gangwar M, Jana S (2015) Effect of biofield energy treatment on chlorophyll content, pathological study, and molecular analysis of cashew plant (Anacardium occidentale?L.).?Journal of Plant Sciences 3: 372-382.
    [14]
    Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Gangwar M, Jana S (2016) Molecular analysis of biofield treated eggplant and watermelon crops. Adv Crop Sci Tech 4: 208.
    [15]
    Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Mondal SC, Jana S (2015) Effect of biofield treated energized water on the growth and health status in chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus). Poult Fish Wildl Sci 3: 140.
    [16]
    Trivedi MK, Patil S, Shettigar H, Mondal SC, Jana S (2015) The potential impact of biofield treatment on human brain tumor cells: A time-lapse video microscopy. J Integr Oncol 4: 141.
    [17]
    Trivedi MK, Patil S, Shettigar H, Gangwar M, Jana S (2015) In vitro evaluation of biofield treatment on cancer biomarkers involved in endometrial and prostate cancer cell lines. J Cancer Sci Ther 7: 253-257.
    [18]
    Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Shettigar H, Mondal SC, Jana S (2015) Antibiogram pattern of Shigella flexneri: Effect of biofield treatment. Air Water Borne Diseases 3: 122.
    [19]
    Trivedi MK, Patil S, Shettigar H, Mondal SC, Jana S (2015) Antimicrobial susceptibility pattern and biochemical characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus: Impact of biofield treatment. J Microb Biochem Technol 7: 238-241.
    [20]
    Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Shettigar H, Mondal SC, Jana S (2015) Effect of biofield energy treatment on Streptococcus group B: A postpartum pathogen. J Microb Biochem Technol 7: 269-273.
    [21]
    Trivedi MK, Patil S, Shettigar H, Bairwa K, Jana S (2015) Phenotypic and biotypic characterization of Klebsiella oxytoca: An impact of biofield treatment. J Microb Biochem Technol 7: 202-205.
    [22]
    Trivedi MK, Nayak G, Patil S, Tallapragada RM, Latiyal O, Jana S (2015) An evaluation of biofield treatment on thermal, physical and structural properties of cadmium powder. J Thermodyn Catal 6: 147.
    [23]
    Trivedi MK, Nayak G, Patil S, Tallapragada RM, Latiyal O, Jana S (2015) Effect of Biofield energy treatment on physical and structural properties of calcium carbide and praseodymium oxide. International Journal of Materials Science and Applications 4: 390-395.
    [24]
    Trivedi MK, Tallapragada RM, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Latiyal O, Jana S (2015) Characterization of physical, thermal and structural properties of chromium (VI) oxide powder: Impact of biofield treatment. J Powder Metall Min 4: 128.
    [25]
    Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Gangwar M, Jana S (2015) Antimicrobial susceptibility, biochemical characterization and molecular typing of biofield treated Klebsiella pneumoniae. J Health Med Inform 6: 206.
    [26]
    Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Gangwar M, Jana S (2015) Antibiogram, biochemical reactions, and genotypic pattern of biofield treated Pseudomonas aeruginosa. J Trop Dis 4: 181.
    [27]
    Trivedi MK, Tallapragada RM, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Mishra R, Jana S (2015) Biofield treatment: A potential strategy for modification of physical and thermal properties of gluten hydrolysate and ipomoea macroelements. J Nutr Food Sci 5: 414.
    [28]
    Trivedi MK, Nayak G, Patil S, Tallapragada RM, Jana S, Mishra R (2015) Bio-field treatment: An effective strategy to improve the quality of beef extract and meat infusion powder. J Nutr Food Sci 5: 389.
    [29]
    Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Singh R, Jana S (2015) Physicochemical and spectroscopic characterization of biofield energy treated gerbera multiplication medium. Plant 3: 57-63.
    [30]
    Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Singh R, Jana S (2015) Physical, spectroscopic and thermal characterization of biofield treated fish peptone. Eur Biophys J 3: 51-58.
    [31]
    Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Singh R, Jana S (2015) Physicochemical characterization of biofield treated orchid maintenance/replate medium. J Plant Sci 3: 285-293.
    [32]
    Czekanska EM, Stoddart MJ, Richards RG, Hayes JS (2012) In search of an osteoblast cell model for in vitro research. Eur Cells Mater 24: 1-17.
    [33]
    Luo XH, Liao EY (2003) Effects of estriol on the proliferation and differentiation of human osteoblastic MG-63 cells. Endocr Res 29: 343-351.
    [34]
    Fu-Xiang Yu, Wei-Jian Hu, Bin He, Yi-Hu Zheng, Qi-Yu Zhang, and Lin Chen (2015) Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells promote osteosarcoma cell proliferation and invasion. World J Surg Oncol 13: 52.
    [35]
    Muehlberg FL, Song YH, Krohn A, Pinilla SP, Droll LH, Leng X, Seidensticker M, Ricke J, Altman AM, Devarajan E, Liu W, Arlinghaus RB, Alt EU (2009) Tissue-resident stem cells promote breast cancer growth and metastasis. Carcinogenesis 30: 589-597.
    [36]
    Nagakawa Y, Aoki T, Kasuya K, Tsuchida A, Koyanagi Y (2002) Histologic features of venous invasion, expression of vascular endothelial growth factor and matrix metalloproteinase-2 and matrix metalloproteinase-9, and the relation with liver metastasis in pancreatic cancer. Pancreas 24: 169-178.
    [37]
    Wagner ER, Luther G, Zhu G, Luo Q, Shi Q, Kim SH, Gao JL, Huang E, Gao Y, Yang K, Wang L, Teven C, Luo X, Liu X, Li M, Hu N, Su Y, Bi Y, He BC, Tang N, Luo J, Chen L, Zuo G, Rames R, Haydon RC, Luu HH, He TC. (2011) Defective osteogenic differentiation in the development of osteosarcoma. Sarcoma 2011: 12. Article ID 325238
    [38]
    Coleman JE (1992) Structure and mechanism of alkaline phosphatase. Annu Rev Biophys Biomol Struct 21: 441-483.
    [39]
    Schoppet M, Shanahan CM (2008) Role for alkaline phosphatase as an inducer of vascular calcification in renal failure? Kidney Int 73: 989-991.
    [40]
    Lomashvili KA, Garg P, Narisawa S, Millan JL, O'Neill WC (2008) Upregulation of alkaline phosphatase and pyrophosphate hydrolysis: Potential mechanism for uremic vascular calcification. Kidney Int 73: 1024-1030.
    [41]
    Lomashvili K, Cobbs S, Hennigar R, Hardcastle K, O'Neill W (2004) Phosphate-induced vascular calcification: Role of pyrophosphate and osteopontin. J Am Soc Nephrol 15: 1392-1401.
    [42]
    Moochhala SH, Sayer JA, Carr G, Simmons NL (2008) Renal calcium stones: Insights from the control of bone mineralization. Exp Physiol 93: 43-49.
    [43]
    Huang MS, Sage AP, Lu J, Demer LL, Tintut Y (2008) Phosphate and pyrophosphate mediate PKA-induced vascular cell calcification. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 374: 553-558.
    [44]
    Whyte MP, Scriver CR, Beaudet AL, Sly WS, Valle D, Childs B, Kinzler KW (Eds.), (2012) The Metabolic and Molecular Bases of Inherited Diseases (8th Edn.), Vol IV, McGraw-Hill, New York.
    [45]
    Whyte MP (2010) Physiological role of alkaline phosphatase explored in hypophosphatasia. Ann NY Acad Sci 1192: 190-200.
    [46]
    Mill?n JL (2006) Mammalian Alkaline Phosphatases: From Biology to Applications in Medicine and Biotechnology WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co., KGaA, Weinheim.
    [47]
    Mornet E (2007) Hypophosphatasia. Orphanet J Rare Dis 2: 40.
    [48]
    Viguet-Carrin S, Garnero P, Delmas PD (2006) The role of collagen in bone strength. Osteoporos Int 17: 319-336.
    [49]
    Glimcher MJ, Muir H (1984) Recent studies of the mineral phase in bone and its possible linkage to the organic matrix by protein-bound phosphate bonds. Phil Trans R Soc B 304: 479-508.
    [50]
    Landis WJ, Song MJ, Leith A, Mcewen L, Mcewen BF (1993) Mineral and organic matrix interaction in normally calcifying tendon visualized in 3 dimensions by high-voltage electron-microscopic tomography and graphic image-reconstruction. J Struct Biol 110: 39-54.
    [51]
    Deshpande AS, Beniash E (2008) Bioinspired synthesis of mineralized collagen fibrils. Cryst Growth Des 8: 3084-3090.
    [52]
    Price PA, Toroian D, Lim JE (2009) Mineralization by inhibitor exclusion: The calcification of collagen with fetuin. J Biol Chem 284: 17092-17101.
    [53]
    Rubik B (1994) Manual healing methods. Alternative medicine: expanding medical horizons, Washington, DC, US Government Printing Office, NIH Publication No. 094-066.
  • Open Access Research Article
    Export citation: APA   BibTeX   RIS  
    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2021, 1(1), 1-8. http://doi.org/10.31586/wastewater101001
    45 Downloads PDF Full-text (944.779 KB)  HTML Full-text
    Abstract
    Owing to rapid population growth accompanied by urbanization and industrialization, waste management is an essential aspect of today's world. During 2013, total municipal solid waste generation in Sri Lanka was recorded as 10,768 tons per day, while total municipal solid waste collected was only 3,458 tons per day. Meantime,
    [...] Read more.
    Owing to rapid population growth accompanied by urbanization and industrialization, waste management is an essential aspect of today's world. During 2013, total municipal solid waste generation in Sri Lanka was recorded as 10,768 tons per day, while total municipal solid waste collected was only 3,458 tons per day. Meantime, the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) produced in 2012 was 1,301.5 tons per day. The most widely practiced waste disposal method in Sri Lanka is currently open dumping, which is not an ecofriendly approach. Biowaste, which accounts for about 59% of MSW collected in Sri Lanka, consists of 65 percent of moisture, and valuable resources such as energy, nutrients, and minerals can be readily recovered. Resource recovery, which is linked to the circular economy, is a sophisticated technique of biowaste management. However, resource recovery principles for the local communities in Sri Lanka are fairly novel. The ultimate outcome of this study is to lay the foundation for the development of an autonomous integrated circular system integrated with the existing waste management framework in Sri Lanka, and thus allowing to circulate the vital resources needed to sustain human life in the form of energy, food, and water. Types of resources, which can be extracted from OFMSW are nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorous, energy, and water from moisture content. Energy can be harnessed as biogas via the degradation of organic compounds in anaerobic reactors, whereas nutrients can be harnessed by converting anaerobic sludge into inorganic fertilizers. The proposed integrated standalone circular system should be able to produce energy via combined heat and power plant and produce struvite via fertilizer production plant. Based on currently available data from 2012, potential electricity generation is 10.31 W per kg of OFMSW, and minimum struvite generation potential is 3.839 g per kg of OFMSW. Excluding the operation and maintenance expenditure and depreciation cost, forecasted revenue from electricity generation and struvite production are respectively is 21,155,926 USD per annum and 455,926.84 USD per annum. Therefore, resource recovery is a socio-economically and environmentally viable waste management practice in the Sri Lankan context.  Full article
    Figures

    Figure 5 of 5

    References
    [1]
    S. M. H. D. Perera, C. Wickramasinghe & M. Narayana, Process Parameter Optimization of Urban Biowaste Carbonization, 2020 Moratuwa Engineering Research Conference (MERCon), 130-135, 2020.
    [2]
    Daniel Hoornweg & Perinaz Bhada-Tata, What a Waste : A Global Review of Solid Waste Management, World Bank, Washington, DC USA, 2012.
    [3]
    Japan International Cooperation Agency, Data Collection Survey on Solid Waste Management in Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Final Report Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Ten (10) Priority Local Authorities, 2016.
    [4]
    Agata Mesjasz-Lech, Municipal waste management in context of sustainable urban development, 1st International Conference Green Cities 2014 – Green Logistics for Greener Cities, 244-256, 2014.
    [5]
    Chandana K. Vidanaarachchi, Samuel T.S. Yuen & Sumith Pilapitiya, Municipal solid waste management in the Southern Province of Sri Lanka: Problems, issues and challenges, Waste Management, 26, 920-930, 2006.
    [6]
    R. Lalitha S. Fernando, Solid waste management of local governments in the Western Province of Sri Lanka: An implementation analysis, Waste Management, 84, 194-203, 2019.
    [7]
    J. Patrick A. Hettiaratchi, S. C. Wirasinghe, Sumith Pilapitiya & Nilanthi J. G. J. Bandara, Relation of waste generation and composition to socio-economic factors: a case study, Enviornmental Monitering and Assessment, 135, 31-39, 2007.
    [8]
    S. N. M. Menikpura, S. H. Gheewala, & S. Bonnet, Sustainability assessment of municipal solid waste management in Sri Lanka: Problems and prospects, Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 14, 181–192, 2012.
    [9]
    B. K. T. Samarasiri, S. W. S. Samarakoon, P. G. Rathnasiri & S. H. P. Gunawardena, Mechanistic Model for Electricity Generation via Biomethane Production through Anaerobic Digestion of Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste Generated in Sri Lanka, 3rd International Moratuwa Engineering Research Conference, MERCon 2017, 407–412, 2017.
    [10]
    Y. Ma & Y. Liu, Turning food waste to energy and resources towards a great environmental and economic sustainability: An innovative integrated biological approach, Biotechnology Advances, 37, 2019.
    [11]
    B. K. T. Samarasiri, Integrated Standalone Circular Systems (ISCS) and Standalone Circular Systems (SCS) towards Global Crisis, Medium, 2020.
    [12]
    Central Environmental Authority Sri Lanka, Database of Municipal Solid Waste in Sri Lanka, 2012.
    [13]
    T. L. Gunaruwan & W. N. Gunasekara, Management of Municipal Solid Waste in Sri Lanka : A Comparative Appraisal of the Economics of Composting, NSBM Journal of Management, 2, 27–45, 2016.
    [14]
    Magda M. Abd El-Salamab & Gaber I. Abu-Zuidc, Impact of landfill leachate on the groundwater quality: A case study in Egypt, Journal of Advanced Research, 6, 579-586, 2015.
    [15]
    Safaa M. Raghab, Ahmed M. Abd El Meguid & Hala A. Hegazi, Treatment of leachate from municipal solid waste landfill, HBRC Journal, 9, 187-192, 2013.
    [16]
    Suher Carolina Yabroudia, Dione Mari Moritab & Pedro Alemb, Landfill Leachate Treatment over Nitritation/Denitritation in an Activated Sludge Sequencing Batch Reactor, 4th International Conference on Environmental Science and Development- ICESD 2013, 6, 163-168, 2013.
    [17]
    Himanshu Chaturved & Priyanka Kaushal, Comparative study of different Biological Processes for non-segregated Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) leachate treatment, Environmental Technology & Innovatio, 9, 134-139, 2018.
    [18]
    Beacon Mbiba, Urban solid waste characteristics and household appetite for separation at source in Eastern and Southern Africa, Habitat International, 43, 152-162, 2014.
    [19]
    Asad Iqbala, Xiaoming Liua & Guang-Hao Chen, Municipal solid waste: Review of best practices in application of life cycle assessment and sustainable management techniques, Science of The Total Environment, 729, 2020.
    [20]
    C. Agency, Data Collection Survey on Solid Waste Management in Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Final Report, 2016.
    [21]
    C. Riuji, L. Rodi & C. Zurbrügg, Feasibility assessment tool for urban anaerobic digestion in developing countries, Journal of Environmental Management, 126, 122–131, 2013.
    [22]
    Wei Peng, Fan Lü, LipingHao, Hua Zhang, Liming Shaoc & Pinjing He, Digestate management for high-solid anaerobic digestion of organic wastes: A review, Bioresource Technology, 297, 2020.
    [23]
    Yadvika, Santosh, T. R. Sreekrishnan, S. Kohli, & V. Rana, Enhancement of biogas production from solid substrates using different techniques - A review, Bioresource Technology, 95,1–10, 2004.
    [24]
    Verónica Oliveira, João Labrinch & CéliaDias-Ferreiraa, Extraction of phosphorus and struvite production from the anaerobically digested organic fraction of municipal solid waste, Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 6, 2837-2845, 2018.
    [25]
    K. S. Le Corre, P. Hobbs, & S. A. Parsons, Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology Phosphorus Recovery from Wastewater by Struvite Crystallization : A Review, Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 433-477, 2013.
    [26]
    T. Ritigala et al., Optimized pre-treatment of high strength food waste digestate by high content aluminum-nanocluster based magnetic coagulation, Journal of Environmental Sciences, 104, 430–443, 2021.
Filter options
Publication Date
From to
Refine Publication Date
Subject Areas
Refine Subjects
Article Types
Refine Article Types
Countries / Territories
Show more Refine Countries / Territories