• Open Access Research Article
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    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2015, 2(1), 21-38. 10.31586/AgriculturalEconomics.0201.04
    23 Views  435 Downloads 
    Abstract
    Dispite intensive multidiciplinary research the overall impact of the March 2011 earthquake, tsunami and Fukushima nuclear accident on Japanese agri-food sector is far from being completely evalusated. That is a concequence of the scale of triple disaster and affected agents, the effects? multiplicities, spillovers, and long time horizon, the lack
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    Dispite intensive multidiciplinary research the overall impact of the March 2011 earthquake, tsunami and Fukushima nuclear accident on Japanese agri-food sector is far from being completely evalusated. That is a concequence of the scale of triple disaster and affected agents, the effects? multiplicities, spillovers, and long time horizon, the lack of ?full? information and models of analysis, on-going challenges with post disaster recovery and reconstruction, etc. This paper presents research findings on multiple impacts of the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami on Japanases agriculture and food sector. First, disaster events and their effects is outlined; next the impacts on agri-food organizations, products, markets and consumers are evaluated; finally, specific and overall short-term and long-term impacts on agriculture, food industries and food consumption in different parts of the country is assessed. The study is based on a wide range of information from diverse organizations as well as original experts assessments of leading experts in the area. Agriculture, food industry and food consumption have been among the worst hit by the disasters areas. There is a great variation of the specific and combined impacts of disasters on different type of farming and business enterprises, particular agents, individual sub-sectors, and specific locations. Disasters have also had positive impacts on the development of certain sectors in the most affected regions and some sectors in other parts of the country as post disaster reconstruction have induced considerable policies and institutional modernization in agri-food and other sectors, food safety information and inspection, technological and product innovation, jobs creation and investment, farmlands consolidation and enhancement, infrastructural amelioration, organizational restructuring, etc. More future studies are necessary to evaluate and update the ?known? agricultural and food impacts as further in depth ?micro? studies are needed to fully understand the impacts of the disasters in each location and community, type of farms and productions, and component of agri-food chain.Full article
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  • Open Access Review Article
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    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2015, 2(1), 1-6. 10.31586/MechanicalEngineering.0201.01
    126 Views  698 Downloads  7 Citations 
    Abstract
    The use of finite element models as research tools in biomechanics and orthopedics grew exponentially over the last two decades. However, the attention to mesh quality, model validation and appropriate energy balance methods and the reporting of these metrics has not kept pace with the general use of finite element
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    The use of finite element models as research tools in biomechanics and orthopedics grew exponentially over the last two decades. However, the attention to mesh quality, model validation and appropriate energy balance methods and the reporting of these metrics has not kept pace with the general use of finite element modeling. Therefore, the purpose of this review was to develop the nonlinear filter and thermal buckling of an FGM panel under the combined effect of elevated temperature conditions and aerodynamic loading is investigated using a finite element model based on the thin plate theory and von Karman strain-displacement relations to account for moderately large deflection. It is found that the temperature increase has an adverse effect on the FGM panel flutter characteristics through decreasing the critical dynamic pressure. Decreasing the volume fraction enhances flutter characteristics, but this is limited by the structural integrity aspect. Structural finite element analysis has been employed to determine the FGM panel's adaptive response while under the influence of a uniaxial compressive load in excess of its critical buckling value. By increasing the applications of using composite materials inside aviation stages, it is visualized that the versatile FGM plate setup will broaden the operational execution over traditional materials and structures, especially when the structure is presented to a raised temperature. The vicinity of air motion facilitating stream brings about delaying the locking temperature and in stifling under loads, while the temperature build gives route for higher thermal-cycle abundance.Full article
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  • Open Access Research Article
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    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2015, 2(1), 17-20. 10.31586/ComputerScience.0201.03
    11 Views  343 Downloads 
    Abstract
    Trust Management is one of the most challenging issues in the emerging Web Engineering and Internet Technologies. Over the past few years, many studies have been proposed different techniques to address trust management issues. However, despite these past efforts, several trust management issues such as privacy, security, accessibility, integrity and
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    Trust Management is one of the most challenging issues in the emerging Web Engineering and Internet Technologies. Over the past few years, many studies have been proposed different techniques to address trust management issues. However, despite these past efforts, several trust management issues such as privacy, security, accessibility, integrity and scalability have been mostly ignored and need to be proposed in Web Engineering technologies. Web services provide many opportunities for enterprises to built trustworthiness. In India the growing economic infrastructure with lightening speeds towards the adoption and successful implementation of e-governance. Establishing trust in e-governance services is quite important as now government has many services for common man at their door step and more services are in future. But the common man has to know about it and have used frequently for their daily requirements. This paper is emphasized to trust on the web services and what steps should be adopted for better service.Full article
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    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2015, 2(1), 46-49. 10.31586/InformationProcesses.0201.06
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    Abstract
    . To identify the problems with thyroid gland, an algorithm based on blood test results is developed. This algorithm is implemented in a web based application with client-server architecture. Three-tier architecture is used to realize the user interface, business logic and computer data storage and data access. Using the document
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    . To identify the problems with thyroid gland, an algorithm based on blood test results is developed. This algorithm is implemented in a web based application with client-server architecture. Three-tier architecture is used to realize the user interface, business logic and computer data storage and data access. Using the document object model of the HTML and JavaScript make it is possible to create user interaction with the application. Interaction between JavaScript, HTML and CSS allows loading pages faster. The described web application to identify the thyroid disease has been tested in different browsers and on different operating systems and showed no errors in its work. The developed web application can be used as a standalone application or be incorporated into other specialized Internet resources in the subject area.Full article
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  • Open Access Research Article
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    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2015, 2(1), 39-45. 10.31586/Surgery.0201.05
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    Abstract
    Objective: To evaluate the relationship between operative approach, operative time, and SSI rate. Methods: Inpatient database review identified patients undergoing 5 common procedures from 1/2010-12/2011. Patients were stratified into laparoscopic or open approaches. The main outcome measure was the relationship between operative time and SSI by approach. Results: 226,006 patients
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    Objective: To evaluate the relationship between operative approach, operative time, and SSI rate. Methods: Inpatient database review identified patients undergoing 5 common procedures from 1/2010-12/2011. Patients were stratified into laparoscopic or open approaches. The main outcome measure was the relationship between operative time and SSI by approach. Results: 226,006 patients were evaluated- 28.2% open and 71.8% laparoscopic. Mean overall operative time was significantly shorter laparoscopically (p<0.001). Laparoscopy was associated with significantly lower costs and shorter length of stay (LOS) overall and for each procedure(p<0.0001). Multivariate analysis found SSI increased directly with operative time: for every 30-minute increase, SSI risk increased by 12%. Operative approach was an independent risk factor for SSI: open surgery increased SSI risk by 78%. A direct relationship between open procedures, operative time, and SSI risk was found. Conclusions: Laparoscopy has overall shorter operative time and improved outcomes in SSI rate, LOS, and total costs for common surgical procedures. As operative time and approach were independent risk factors for SSI, the use of laparoscopy and operative time are valuable quality measures.Full article